Culture and History
There have been several versions regarding the origin of the name of "Baguashan" (which means the Mountain of Eight Trigrams). According to historic studies, the most accepted version is the story linked to "The Gang of Heaven and Earth (Tiandi Hui)". In the Eight Trigrams, Qian and Kun, symbolizing heaven and earth, are the first two trigrams in the Eight Trigram system, and members of the Gang of Heaven and Earth were highly active in the Changhua area. Evidence points to the version that members of the Gang of Heaven and Earth changed the name of "Wangliaoshan" to today’s "Baguashan". At the end of the Qianlong Period, Baguashan was taken by the renegades in both the "Lin Shuang-Wen (林爽文) Uprising" and "Chen Zhou-Quan (陳周全) Incident" (both leaders were members of the gang). Therefore, evidence shows that this version is more reliable and accepted by most people today.
Minnan People were originally identified as residents of southern Fujian who spoke the Fukien dialect. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, migrants from Quanzhou and Zhangzhou began to settle in Taiwan and Southeast Asia; thus, the definition of Minnan People was expanded beyond geographical boundaries. The Minnan People call themselves Holo, which is traditionally written as “福佬” or “河洛”.